How to Write a Medical Research Proposal

Health is a subject that concerns us all, however, not all of us were born to be doctors. To research a health problem, a new disease, or a miracle remedy, you definitely need a vocation. Health professionals are dedicated people and try to keep abreast of any new developments or technological advances that will allow them to do their job better.

Although some people may think that studying or treating a medical subject is only for students looking to pass a thesis, the truth is that it is not that simple. Medical education and scientific knowledge are for everyone, therefore, it requires a formality for your research to be taken into account.

Science has certain limitations, and so does the human mind, but that does not mean that it should be an ordeal to expand the collective knowledge in search of answers. Research should be as detailed as counting grains of rice and should be as easy to understand as the appearance of the color.

Medical research proposals follow certain parameters to be valid in front of a professional audience, but before we know how to do it, let’s see what a research proposal means.

Research Proposals

A research proposal is a simple way to show a given audience that the research topic itself is valid and completely necessary for the public health field. Thinking about it, a person who dedicated himself to writing a review about COVID-19 and its complications started from scratch, with the need for knowledge as a north.

This person had a mission and that was to bring knowledge and reassurance to the community. To do this research, he first had to find a reason, a title that explained his intention, time, effort and planning.

Scientific research must have clear and possible objectives within the capabilities of the researcher and what he wants to achieve with this research. In the same way, the exact methodology to determine what he wants to do, how he is going to do it, and what are the reasons that pull the threads of the research.

How to do it? 

Creating a complete, well-founded, and eye-catching research proposal is simple. In fact, all research proposals for magazines, newspapers or university thesis are technically done following the same steps, although with a higher level of difficulty due to the nature of the work you are going to do. It must not present any error or distortion regarding the information and data contained therein.

  1. Choose the topic you want to address: it must be a topic at which you are good, it must be striking and motivate you to continue with the research. It should be precise and limited to the information you want to collect so that as you are doing the research, it will be easier to determine the methods you need to obtain the desired result. To optimize time, the topic should be about a current health problem.
  2. Ask yourself a question: many people wonder how to start an investigation and the answer is as simple as: asking yourself a question and posing a real problem. Research is done based on a question. In this way, this question is the one that will guide the rest of the work.
  3. Hypothesis: the hypothesis is a general idea of what may be happening with the problem itself. This is the basis of the work, which will be tested as the research progresses and the results determine whether the hypothesis is true or false.
  4. Objectives: for research to be successful, it is important to keep up with the planning. The objectives and strategies are part of the body of the research so that you can optimize time and organize yourself with the activities you must do to reach the conclusion of the research.
  5. Grid of contents: a grid of contents refers to the table of contents and organization, where it is explained in detail, which are the courses of action to be taken to carry out the research. The best thing you can do to finish the research in good terms is to have an outline where the structure of the work can be appreciated.


Once you have stated the real problem and the objective of your research, it is important to have a well-organized structure of how you are going to present your work to the relevant authorities, such as the university, the medical council, the ministry of health of your region or non-governmental organizations.

Research must be well structured so that it is understandable to the target audience. For this, it is necessary to comply with certain parameters, such as:

  • Title: the title of the research must be clear and precise, with the intention that it demonstrates and is easy to understand what the work itself is about. The intention of having a striking title is that people are motivated and interested in continuing to read the rest of the research. Thus, it should be a fully functional title and be expressed in the third person. Although it is the first thing you notice when reading the research, the final title is based on the results and objectives obtained at the end of the research. This is what ultimately gives meaning to continue reading the work done.

  • Abstract: abstracts should be on the first page of the paper and should be approximately 300 words long. The purpose of this is to briefly describe what is included in the work and to show the most outstanding characteristics. This should include the topic, the reason for the research, some of the objectives of the work, and the methodology. In the same way, the instruments used to collect the information should be included.
    This part of the research proposal is the one that will call the attention of the public and will warn them of the content they are about to read.

  • Introduction: continuing with the research work, the idea of making an introduction within the same work is to provide the necessary information to the reader to determine the importance of scientific research within the medicinal world.
    Key questions such as “why is research in the medical field necessary?” or what is the importance of it are answered here. The introduction serves as a contextualization of the research topic and familiarizes the reader with the topic and the information reflected therein.

  • Content: once you have introduced the topic in question, it is time to capture all the information collected throughout the research. It must be well structured, make sense and maintain a hierarchical order, from the most important to the least relevant. However, when it comes to the health area, all the details are important and change the meaning of the work depending on the objectives and the data found during the research.
  • Variables: one of the elements that should be taken into account when making a medical research proposal is the variables. This refers to the different items that make the research change its direction and yield new results at the end.

In the work, in addition to being identified, they should be clear and precise so that the reader understands what is happening in the field in which the research was carried out. The measurement techniques used for each variable should also be included.

It is important to take into account that research in the area of medicine must be thoroughly studied, reviewed, and supervised constantly to avoid missing any detail. For this reason, the variables can be either context-dependent or can coexist independently of the other variables and the environment in which the research is carried out.


When you can easily formulate a hypothesis, it means that you can make a prediction about the research topic. It is important to remember that a hypothesis is not a random guess or assumption; it is the result of a preliminary observation about the problem or needs in the medical field.

In this sense, it is possible that through the data found during the research, it can be confirmed whether the main idea was correct or the result changed drastically and something completely different could be proved.

As the observation is carried out, notes should be made simultaneously so that the research proposal is complete.

Final Considerations

When it comes to a medical research proposal, questions and answers should emerge as you go along. In this way, the proposal will be complete and well-structured for presentation to an audience of health professionals.

A proposal of this style involves maintaining a God-like level of clarity and precision so that the research can be supported by the ministry or body to which the research is to be submitted.

Last but not least, remember that the research is yours and your name should be printed on the cover page to avoid confusion.